Education in Kerala got its face as of today during the British rule in India by Catholic and Christian missionaries. They were keen on providing education to all sections of society and strengthening of women, without any kind of discrimination. Kerala’s high literacy rate is attributed to high girl literacy rate as it says when a women is educated she will make sure that her children are well educated.It should be noted that Kerala topped the Education Development Index (EDI) among 21 major states in India in year 2006-2007

Schools and colleges in Kerala are mostly run by the government, private trusts, or individuals. Each school is affiliated with either the Indian Certificate of Secondary Education (ICSE), the Central Board for Secondary Education (CBSE), Kerala State Education Board or the National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS). English is the language of instruction in most private schools, while government run schools offer English or Malayalam as the medium of instruction. Government run schools in the districts bordering Karnataka and Tamil Nadu also offer instruction in Kannada or Tamil languages. A handful of Government Sanskrit Schools provide instruction in Sanskrit supplemented by Malayalam, English, Tamil or Kannada. After 10 years of secondary schooling, students typically enroll at Higher Secondary School in one of the three streams—liberal arts, commerce or science. Upon completing the required coursework, students can enroll in general or professional degree programmes.

Education Hubs in Kerala


Thiruvananthapuram, one of the state’s major academic hubs, hosts the University of Kerala and several professional education colleges, including 15 engineering colleges, three medical colleges, three Ayurveda colleges, two colleges of homeopathy, six other medical colleges, and several law colleges.[4] Trivandrum Medical College, Kerala’s premier health institute, one of the finest in the country, is being upgraded to the status of an All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS)[citation needed]. The College of Engineering, Trivandrum is one of the prominent engineering institutions in the state. The Asian School of Business and IIITM-K are two of the other premier management study institutions in the city, both situated inside Technopark. The Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology, first of its kind in India, is also situated here and an Indian Institute of Science Education and Research, Thiruvananthapuram is also being set up.Trivandrum district holds the most number of colleges and schools in Kerala including 4 international schools, 30 professional colleges, and 38 vocational training institutes.


Kochi is another major educational hub. The Cochin University of Science and Technology (also known as “Cochin University”) is situated in the suburb of the city. Most of the city’s colleges offering tertiary education are affiliated to the Mahatma Gandhi University. Other national educational institutes in Kochi include the Central Institute of Fisheries Nautical and Engineering Training, the National University of Advanced Legal Studies, the National Institute of Oceanography, Central Institute of Fisheries Technology and the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute. College of Fisheries affiliated to Kerala Agricultural University is situated at Panangad, a suburban area of the city. Pothanicad, a village in Ernakulam district is the first panchayath in India that achieved 100% literacy. Sree Sankaracharya University of Sanskrit (SSUS), also famous as Sanskrit University, is situated in Kalady, in the Northern side of Ernakulam District.


Kozhikode is the major education city in Kerala which is home to two of the premier educational institutions in the country; the IIMK, one of the thirteen Indian Institutes of Management, and the only National Institute of Technology in Kerala, the NITC. Other important educational institutions in the district include Calicut Medical College, Calicut University, Government Homoeopathic Medical College, Calicut, Government Law College, Calicut, Government Engineering College Kozhikode, College of Nursing Calicut, Kerala School of Mathematics, Govt. Dental College,Co-Operative Institute of Technology and Govt. Polytechnic College.

The following are the Universities and prominent autonomous institutions in Kerala.


Universities in Kerala



University Location Type Founded
Central University of Kerala Kasaragod Fine Arts and Literature 2009


University Location Type Founded
Cochin University of Science and Technology Ernakulam Multidisciplinary 1971
Kannur University Kannur Multidisciplinary 1997
Kerala Agricultural University Thrissur Agriculture and Engineering 1972
Kerala University of Fisheries and Ocean Studies Kochi Fisheries 2011
Kerala University of Health Sciences Thrissur Health 2011
Kerala Veterinary and Animal Sciences University Wayanad Animal Sciences 2011
Mahatma Gandhi University Kottayam Multidisciplinary 1983
Sree Sankaracharya University of Sanskrit Kalady Sanskrit and Vedic Studies 1994
University of Calicut Malappuram Multidisciplinary 1968
University of Kerala Trivandrum Multidisciplinary 1937
National University of Advanced Legal Studies Kochi Legal education 2009


University Location Type Founded Deemed status notified in
Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology Thiruvananthapuram Science and Technology 2007 2008
Kerala Kalamandalam Cheruthuruthy Performing Arts 1999 2006

Autonomous institutions

College Location Type Founded
Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Kochi Marine Research 1971
Indian Institute of Management, Kozhikode Kozhikode Management University 1996
Indian Institutes of Science Education and Research Thiruvananthapuram Science and Research 2008
National Institute of Fashion Technology Kannur Fashion Education 1973
National Institute of Technology Calicut Calicut Engineering college 1961
Rajiv Gandhi Centre for Biotechnology Thiruvananthapuram Medical Research 1990
Sree Chitra Thirunal Institute of Medical Sciences and Technology Thiruvananthapuram Medical Research 1974
Kerala Nurses and Midwives Council Thiruvananthapuram Nursing school 1953
Centre for Development Studies Thiruvananthapuram JNU