The system of medicine known as ayurveda is considered to be indigenous to India. Literally translated, ayurveda means “Knowledge of Life.” Ayu means life and veda is knowledge in Sanskrit.
Those who wish to become an ayurvedic doctor should be aware of the philosophy of Ayurveda,which is based on Panch Mahabhutas of which the body is composed of. A healthy person is one in whom there is equilibrium of the humours and body tissues with normal digestive as well as excretory functions, which are responses to gratification of physical sciences and mental as well as spiritual forces. Absence of this equilibrium describes the status of diseases or sickness. The Vat, Pitta, Kapha are known as three humours. In a healthy person these are non-functional equilibrium, and loss of it leads to sickness.
There are four key concepts in Ayurveda. These concepts are Panch Mahabhutas, Tridoshas, Sapt Dhatus and Malas. These altogether guide the preventive, promotive and curative aspects of the practice of Ayurveda.
These refer to five basic elements of air, water, fire, earth and sky. Creation of all forms of life including human life is credited to these elements. Those who intend to become anayurvedic doctor should be aware these panch mahabhutas.
TRIDOSHAS AND DHATUS
These two concepts together explain all the physiological and biological aspects taking place in living body. The Tridoshas are Vat, Pitta and Kapha. These three terms are broadly comparable to the modern concepts of motion, energy and inertia respectively.
An ayurvedic doctor deals with dhatus, which are vital body organs or parts. These are Rasa (body fluid), Rakta (blood), Mansa (muscular tissues) Meda (edipose tissue), Asthi (bone tissue), Majja (nerve tissue and bone marrow) and Shukra (generative tissue including sperm and ova).
This concept deals with the waste products of the body. The food consumption by human body brings into existence and place further the above mention seven Dhatus or vital body organs. During this metabolic process each organ produces specific waste or malla such stool, urine, sweat, nails, hair etc.
An ayurvedic doctor’s treatment is of two types, one which includes cleansing and purification and the other which reduces the intensity of the disease. Ayurveda uses the medicinal properties of plants. Sometimes, special massages and other techniques are used to alleviate pain.
The success of the science has been recorded in the curing of rheumatoid arthritis, liver and gastro-intestinal problems, skin diseases and other chronic illnesses.
Let us now Examine what it takes to become an Ayurvedic doctor
1. Educational Qualification
To be eligible for joining BAMS course one should be 10+2 Class pass with Physics, chemistry and Biology (PCB) as main subjects and for institutions with at least 50% marks. Graduates in Science can also apply for this course.
How to become an Ayurvedic Doctor?
Interested candidate has to appear in an entrance tests conducted by the various state and Independent bodies .Admissions are made according to the rank of the candidate in the entrance exam.
These exams are generally held in the month of May-June and consist of Objective type questions on the subject of English, Physics, Chemistry, Biology though number of questions and pattern may vary from test to test.
The results of these exams are generally out by June/July
After completing this four and half years of (BAMS) Degree course in which one has to study (subjects which include anatomy, biochemistry, physiology, dermatology, obstetrics and gynecology, forensic medicine and toxicology, microbiology, pathology, pharmacology, anesthesiology, community medicine, medicine, ophthalmology, orthopedics, pediatrics, psychiatry and surgery and subject related to ayurvedic medicines and and six months compulsory training one can opt. for some job in private or state run hospitals as junior doctor, go for privates practice after obtaining the necessary affiliation with respective medical councils or go for higher specialized studies.
Fees and Other Expenditures:
Although varying from college to college, the total course fee for an BAMS degree ranges from anywhere from few thousands at a government college to around Rs 5 lakh.
Ayurvedic Doctor Career Prospects
There is a lot of scope for those who are joining medicine as career in the present scenario. Apart from joining a private or government hospital, younger doctors can find lucrative placements with huge salaries in corporate hospitals.
A qualified Ayurvedic Doctor can expect a starting salary anywhere between Rs.30,000 to Rs.50,000 depending upon the competence of the individual doctor .There is a lot of money in private practice as well, and it only gets better for candidates as they win the trust of the patients and the goodwill is spread by word of mouth to attract more patients to the clinic.
A couple of years dedicated work and some experience along with a master’s degree could lead a doctor to a huge pay package. There is no upper ceiling to the earnings of a competent and capable doctor. One can also be a visiting doctor at several hospitals and charge by the hour.