Education in Kerala: An overview
Education in Kerala got its face as of today during the British rule in India by Catholic and Christian missionaries. They were keen on providing education to all sections of society and strengthening of women, without any kind of discrimination. Kerala’s high literacy rate is attributed to high girl literacy rate as it says when a women is educated she will make sure that her children are well educated.It should be noted that Kerala topped the Education Development Index (EDI) among 21 major states in India in year 2006-2007
Schools and colleges in Kerala are mostly run by the government, private trusts, or individuals. Each school is affiliated with either the Indian Certificate of Secondary Education (ICSE), the Central Board for Secondary Education (CBSE), Kerala State Education Board or the National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS). English is the language of instruction in most private schools, while government run schools offer English or Malayalam as the medium of instruction. Government run schools in the districts bordering Karnataka and Tamil Nadu also offer instruction in Kannada or Tamil languages. A handful of Government Sanskrit Schools provide instruction in Sanskrit supplemented by Malayalam, English, Tamil or Kannada. After 10 years of secondary schooling, students typically enroll at Higher Secondary School in one of the three streams—liberal arts, commerce or science. Upon completing the required coursework, students can enroll in general or professional degree programmes.
Education Hubs in Kerala
Thiruvananthapuram, one of the state’s major academic hubs, hosts the University of Kerala and several professional education colleges, including 15 engineering colleges, three medical colleges, three Ayurveda colleges, two colleges of homeopathy, six other medical colleges, and several law colleges. Trivandrum Medical College, Kerala’s premier health institute, one of the finest in the country, is being upgraded to the status of an All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS). The College of Engineering, Trivandrum is one of the prominent engineering institutions in the state. The Asian School of Business and IIITM-K are two of the other premier management study institutions in the city, both situated inside Technopark. The Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology, first of its kind in India, is also situated here and an Indian Institute of Science Education and Research, Thiruvananthapuram is also being set up.Trivandrum district holds the most number of colleges and schools in Kerala including 4 international schools, 30 professional colleges, and 38 vocational training institutes.
Kochi is another major educational hub. The Cochin University of Science and Technology (also known as “Cochin University”) is situated in the suburb of the city. Most of the city’s colleges offering tertiary education are affiliated to the Mahatma Gandhi University. Other national educational institutes in Kochi include the Central Institute of Fisheries Nautical and Engineering Training, the National University of Advanced Legal Studies, the National Institute of Oceanography, Central Institute of Fisheries Technology and the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute. College of Fisheries affiliated to Kerala Agricultural University is situated at Panangad, a suburban area of the city. Pothanicad, a village in Ernakulam district is the first panchayath in India that achieved 100% literacy. Sree Sankaracharya University of Sanskrit (SSUS), also famous as Sanskrit University, is situated in Kalady, in the Northern side of Ernakulam District.
Kozhikode is the major education city in Kerala which is home to two of the premier educational institutions in the country; the IIMK, one of the thirteen Indian Institutes of Management, and the only National Institute of Technology in Kerala, the NITC. Other important educational institutions in the district include Calicut Medical College, Calicut University, Government Homoeopathic Medical College, Calicut, Government Law College, Calicut, Government Engineering College Kozhikode, College of Nursing Calicut, Kerala School of Mathematics, Govt. Dental College,Co-Operative Institute of Technology and Govt. Polytechnic College.
The following are the Universities and prominent autonomous institutions in Kerala.
Universities in Kerala
|Central University of Kerala||Kasaragod||Fine Arts and Literature||2009|
|Cochin University of Science and Technology||Ernakulam||Multidisciplinary||1971|
|Kerala Agricultural University||Thrissur||Agriculture and Engineering||1972|
|Kerala University of Fisheries and Ocean Studies||Kochi||Fisheries||2011|
|Kerala University of Health Sciences||Thrissur||Health||2011|
|Kerala Veterinary and Animal Sciences University||Wayanad||Animal Sciences||2011|
|Mahatma Gandhi University||Kottayam||Multidisciplinary||1983|
|Sree Sankaracharya University of Sanskrit||Kalady||Sanskrit and Vedic Studies||1994|
|University of Calicut||Malappuram||Multidisciplinary||1968|
|University of Kerala||Trivandrum||Multidisciplinary||1937|
|National University of Advanced Legal Studies||Kochi||Legal education||2009|
|University||Location||Type||Founded||Deemed status notified in|
|Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology||Thiruvananthapuram||Science and Technology||2007||2008|
|Kerala Kalamandalam||Cheruthuruthy||Performing Arts||1999||2006|
|Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute||Kochi||Marine Research||1971|
|Indian Institute of Management, Kozhikode||Kozhikode||Management University||1996|
|Indian Institutes of Science Education and Research||Thiruvananthapuram||Science and Research||2008|
|National Institute of Fashion Technology||Kannur||Fashion Education||1973|
|National Institute of Technology Calicut||Calicut||Engineering college||1961|
|Rajiv Gandhi Centre for Biotechnology||Thiruvananthapuram||Medical Research||1990|
|Sree Chitra Thirunal Institute of Medical Sciences and Technology||Thiruvananthapuram||Medical Research||1974|
|Kerala Nurses and Midwives Council||Thiruvananthapuram||Nursing school||1953|
|Centre for Development Studies||Thiruvananthapuram||JNU|